Many Sudanic societies were matrilineal and did not seclude women. Provincial leaders appointed from center d. A Self-Sufficient Economy 1. By the tenth century, these fiefs had become hereditary.
Recruited armies from barbarians f. Between and c. Different, sometimes hostile versions of Christianity 2. Social disparities continued between ethnicities and men and women, the former stimulating later reform movements.
Two of the most important states were Mali and Songhay. As a result, Constantinople was well supplied, but the cities and rural areas of the rest of the empire lagged behind in terms of wealth and technology. Islam did significantly penetrate into the interior.
Kings and nobles granted land a fief to a man in return for a promise to supply military service. The need for military security led to new military technology, including the stirrup, bigger horses, and the armor and weapons of the knight.
Cities and the Rebirth of Trade 1. Northern areas struggled for political definition 5. This equipment was expensive, and knights therefore needed land to support themselves. The Crusades had a limited impact on the Muslim world.
Greek becomes used language — Latin looked at as inferior d. However, Byzantine women ruled alongside their husbands between andand women did not take refuge in nunneries.
Islam provided a universalistic faith and a fixed law that served common interests. He chose Orthodox Christianity as the religion of his state and imitated the culture of the Byzantine Empire, building churches, adopting the Cyrillic alphabet, and orienting his trade toward the Byzantines.
The Crusades, — A.
Agriculture, combined with the gold trade, was the economic base of the state. Massive stone buildings and walls were constructed. Why do some people think feudalism is an oversimplification? Merchants followed caravan routes across the Sahara to the regions where Sudanic states, such as Ghana, had flourished by the 8th century.
There was a sharp gender division of labor: By they crossed from Morocco into Spain. Conversion was rapid, but initial unity eventually declined and divided north Africa into competing Muslim states and groups.Study Flashcards On AP World History Chapter 9 at agronumericus.com Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more.
agronumericus.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!/5(1).
Published inSPINNING WORLD HISTORY is the paradigm-shifting world history resource that will keep students engaged and enliven classroom discussions. Within minutes, you could have a textbook for every one of your students for $90 not $90 per student.
Chapter 9 Summary. Africa below the Sahara for long periods had only limited contact with the civilizations of the Mediterranean and Asia. Between and c.e., the frequency and intensity of exchanges increased, with Islam proving the major external contact.
Learn chapter 9 ap world with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of chapter 9 ap world flashcards on Quizlet. AP World History Chapter 9. One of the biggest financial problems of the later Mauryan period was the ruler’s decision to: debase the currency.
After the collapse of the Mauryan Empire, India: returned to a series of regional kingdoms. Politically, the Guptas. Chapter Christian Europe Emerges Early Medieval Europe From Roman Empire to Germanic Kingdoms Emperor Constantine reunited the Roman Empire under his rule but inthe empire was permanently divided into eastern & western half.
Both parts came under pressure from the westward migration of Germans fleeing the Huns. Byzantine armies were able to defend the Danube River.Download