Exploring research methodologies positivism and interpretivism

These methods can be justified as they allow positivist researchers to employ empirical and logical quantitative data Sage, ; Trochim, William M. It uses secondary sources and a variety of primary documentary evidence, such as, diaries, official records, reports, archives, and non-textual information [maps, pictures, audio and visual recordings].

Therefore, methodologically, a positivist will use objective methods to collect data about human behaviour. It is harder to do than conducting conventional research because the researcher takes on responsibilities of advocating for change as well as for researching the topic. This choice the researcher makes determines the way in which research should be conducted.

Interaction between participants and the researcher is required to generate data, which is an indication of the researcher's level of connection to and being immersed in the field.

Introduction Before beginning your paper, you need to decide how you plan to design the study. Experimental Design Definition and Purpose A blueprint of the procedure that enables the researcher to maintain control over all factors that may affect the result of an experiment.

All these steps might even produce a huge amount of information which is unnecessary and not required. An interpretative position views reality as multiple and subjective, based on meanings and understanding.

Unlike an experimental design, where there is an active intervention by the researcher to produce and measure change or to create differences, cross-sectional designs focus on studying and drawing inferences from existing differences between people, subjects, or phenomena.

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The positivist concept is that the principles of science can be applied to the study of people. The researcher gets deeply connected with the respondent and tries to see the world through his eyes.

He does not use the terms methodology or strategy. These methods of science used to study the natural world, are arguably impossible for the study of human affairs. The various research methods used within the frameworks of each of these will then be discussed.

Post-positivism is evident in how he defines "case study as a form of empirical inquiry" p. This approach also comes with various weaknesses. The independent variable is administered to the experimental group and not to the control group, and both groups are measured on the same dependent variable.

However, you can get a sense of what to do by reviewing the literature of studies that have utilized the same research design. Whatever is feasible and whatever seems to give the best results for any research project these scientists believe in using that methodology accordingly rather than relying on a single methodology.

The descriptive function of research is heavily dependent on instrumentation for measurement and observation. Each methodology might lead to a different corner or a different result for the same research problem.

Case study designs have been used across a number of disciplines, particularly the social sciences, education, business, law, and health, to address a wide range of research questions.

Action research is much harder to write up because it is less likely that you can use a standard format to report your findings effectively [i.

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As a result, while case study research has evolved to be a pragmatic, flexible research approach, the variation in definition, application, validity, and purposefulness can create a confusing platform for its use. Design lacks rigorous standards applied to methods of data gathering and analysis because one of the areas for exploration could be to determine what method or methodologies could best fit the research problem.

Approach provides the highest level of evidence for single studies. This approach is more towards understanding the view point Of individuals or respondents rather than to measure them.

Common Characteristics of Case Study Research Despite variation in the approaches of the different exponents of case study, there are characteristics common to all of them. Furthermore, natural sciences attempt to quantify the phenomena or experience and reproduce the results through repetition of the research method; this should not and cannot be applied to social sciences.

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If two variables are correlated, the cause must come before the effect.Exploring Research Methodologies: Positivism and Interpretivism.

Exploring Research Methodologies: Positivism and Interpretivism Before a researcher can initiate a research project, they face the confusion and the range of theoretical perspectives, methodologies, methods, and the philosophical basis that encompasses them all/5(1).

Exploring Research Methodologies: Positivism and Interpretivism Before a researcher can initiate a research project, they face the confusion and the range of theoretical perspectives, methodologies, methods, and the philosophical basis that encompasses them all.

Exploring Research Methodologies: Positivism and Interpretivism Before a researcher can initiate a research project, they face the confusion and the range of theoretical perspectives, methodologies, methods, and the philosophical basis that encompasses them all.

This seemingly meticulous structure for the research process is in fact aimed. Positivism and Interpretivism are the two basic approaches to research methods in Sociology. Positivist prefer scientific quantitative methods, while Interpretivists prefer humanistic qualitative methods.

This post provides a very brief overview of the two. Positivism and Interpretivism. Positivism and Interpretivism are the two basic approaches to research methods in Sociology.

Positivist prefer scientific quantitative methods, while Interpretivists prefer humanistic qualitative methods. This post provides a very brief overview of the two.

Positivism and Interpretivism. Before beginning your paper, you need to decide how you plan to design the study. The research design refers to the overall strategy that you choose to integrate the different components of the study in a coherent and logical way, thereby, ensuring you will effectively address the research problem; it constitutes the blueprint for the collection, measurement, and analysis of data.

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Exploring research methodologies positivism and interpretivism
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